Thursday 04/16/15 7PM
New Museum TheaterVisit Us

The Theresa Duncan CD-ROMs

Cover Image:

Theresa Duncan, Smarty, 1996 (GIF). CD-ROM-based video game. Courtesy Mary Duncan/Tom Nicholson

This event marks the launch of a new online restoration of three pioneering feminist video games.

In the mid-1990s, Theresa Duncan created Chop Suey (1995), Smarty (1996), and Zero Zero (1997), three lyrical adventure video games for young girls. At a time when video game culture sorely lacked a diversity of digital experience, these were visionary CD-ROMs that, in the words of games critic Jenn Frank, dared “to represent the criminally underrepresented: that is, the wild imagination of some girl aged 7 to 12.”

Duncan’s CD-ROMs have become largely inaccessible. Recognizing their significance, Rhizome undertook a crowd-funded preservation effort to make all three playable for free for anyone with a modern web browser.

To celebrate the online release of these titles, Rhizome’s Artistic Director Michael Connor has organized an evening exploring Duncan’s work and contextualizing it within feminist gaming history and the artist’s body of work. Presenters include Dragan Espenschied, Digital Conservator at Rhizome; Lia Gangitano, Founder of Participant Inc.; Rachel Simone Weil, Founder of FEMICOM museum; and Jenn Frank, noted games critic.

The Theresa Duncan CD-ROMs will be playable online at Rhizome and as part of the First Look online exhibition series, copresented by Rhizome and the New Museum.

This event was made possible, in part, by the 463 backers of Rhizome’s Kickstarter campaign to restore the Theresa Duncan CD-ROMs with assistance from Leadership Level donor Mark Matienzo and generous support from Mailchimp. The games’ rerelease has been made possible thanks to the cooperation of many people, especially Tom Nicholson and Mary Duncan. For full credits, please see our Kickstarter page.

Rhizome’s programs are made possible, in part, through the support of the Andy Warhol Foundation for Visual Arts, the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs, and the New York State Council on the Arts.


First Look is made possible, in part, by the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature.

Additional support is provided by the Toby Devan Lewis Emerging Artists Exhibitions Fund.

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